Publication Ethics

Publication Ethics Policy

We work hard to advance best practises in the academic community and uphold integrity in all of our publishing endeavours as a globally engaged open access publisher. We adhere to the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors published by the Committee on Publication Ethics and the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals issued by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) (COPE).

All of our publishing activities are guided by the following core ethical values:

  • All authors and co-authors must meet the requirements for authorship and make sure that the right credit is given in their manuscript in order to be considered an author. Authors are urged to be as specific as possible when describing contributions to their work.
  • Originality: Authors are required to attest that the manuscript they have submitted is their own original work. The piece cannot already be in print or be being considered for publication elsewhere. If someone else's ideas or words are used, they must be properly cited or quoted.
  • Data availability and citation: For editorial review, authors may be asked to submit any relevant raw data. They ought to be ready to make such data accessible to the general public as well. Authors are expected to provide data citations in their reference list, just like they are required to cite articles, books, and websites.
  • Acknowledgement of sources: The authors should properly acknowledge any work in the manuscript that has been contributed by others.
  • Declaration and conflicts of interest: All submissions must include disclosure of all relationships that could be viewed as presenting a potential conflict of interest.
  • Reporting standards: Authors of original research papers should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance.
  • Human and Animal Rights: A statement of compliance is necessary to demonstrate that protocols were followed in conformity with the ethical requirements of the relevant committee on human experimentation for research that involves human subjects (institutional and national). Authors of studies that detail animal experimentation are urged to state whether the institutional and/or national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were adhered to.
  • Research ethics: The Institutional Review Board (IRB) must have given its seal of approval and, if necessary, informed permission for the study we publish. According to national and international requirements, clinical trials had to be recorded in clinical trial registries.


Authors’ ethical statement: Authors are responsible for all parts of their work, including complete data access, data integrity, and the quality of the data analysis, and must take all necessary steps to properly investigate and address any concerns regarding the accuracy or integrity of any portion of their work.


Research Ethics Policy

Any submission may be rejected by IARCON journals if it contains unethical behaviour in human or animal investigations.


For studies involving human subjects, the article must include a statement that ethical approval was obtained (or a statement that ethical approval was not necessary and why), along with the names of the ethics committee(s) or institutional review board(s), the number/ID of the approval(s), and a statement that the subjects provided informed consent prior to participating (or a statement that consent was not required and why). The Declaration of Helsinki (as revised in Edinburgh 2000), which is available at, should also be mentioned by the authors.


Clinical trials should be prospectively registered before subjects are enrolled, in accordance with the World Health Organization's guidelines and the Declaration of Helsinki. All papers that report on clinical trials must include the registration numbers for the studies.

When recognised people—living or dead—are depicted in pictures, great care must be taken to guarantee that permission for publishing has been granted. The privacy of the patient should be protected. To ensure that human subjects cannot be recognised in photographs, they must be appropriately cropped, and (at a minimum) the eyes and brows must be covered using coarse pixilation to render the subject invisible.


Animal Research

The Animal [Scientific Procedures] Act of 1986 and any other applicable licences, as well as any national or institutional rules for the care and use of animals that were used in the research must all be mentioned by the authors of any experiments using animals.

The Editorial Office maintains the right to ask for more details about experiments mentioned in a manuscript, if necessary.